Amongst others the following companies/ organisations/ institutions attended public courses and/or in-house training courses presented by Labour Guide during 2019




Anglo American; Aveng Duraset; Aveng Infraset; Aveng Water; AACL Care and Protection Johannesburg; Aberdare Cables (Pty) Ltd; Abraham Kriel Children's Home Nylstroom; Abrahams & Gross Inc; Abyx Chemical; Abyx Marketing; Academy Brushware; Accelerated Education Enterprises; Accountability Group (Pty) Ltd; Achievement Awards Group; Acrow Limited; Active Chemicals; Adamjee Group; Adams Booksellers; Adapt Global (Pty) Ltd; Adendorff Theron Inc; Adv Tech; Advance Fire Suppression Systems; Advance Wound Care; Aegis Media Central Services; AFDA; AFGRI Animal Feeds a Div of Philafrica Foods (Pty) Ltd; AFM of SA Woord en Lewe; Afri Piping Systems (Pty) Ltd; Africa Flight Services (Pty) Ltd; Africa Sunoil Refiners (Pty) Ltd; African Ample Assistance; African Consulting Surveyors (Pty) Ltd; African Marine Solutions Group (Pty) Ltd – AMSOL; African Media Entertainment; African Pegmatite (Pty) Ltd; Africoil t/a Forever Fuels; Afrihost; Afrika Tikkun; Afrikaanse Protestantse Akademie; Afrimat Aggregates Operations (Pty) Limited; Afripiping System; Afrit (Pty) Ltd; Afropulse 478 (Pty) Ltd; AFSOL; Automated Fleet Solution; AGE Technologies JHB; Agfa South Africa (Pty) Ltd; AH AMRA and Son; AH Consulting; Air Rotory Services; AJ North (Pty) Ltd; AKS Lining Systems (Pty) Ltd; Alberts Bouwer & Jordaan Inc; Alcon Marepha; Aldor Africa; Alert Engine Parts; Alex Mathonsi; Allflex Packaging; All-Gen Evolve (Pty) Ltd; Alnet (Pty) Ltd; Alpha Pharm (Pty) Ltd; Aluwood Projects (Pty) Ltd; Amandla Outsourcing (Pty) Ltd; Ambassador Foods, a Div of Libstar Operations (Pty) Ltd; AME Africa Healthcare; AMG SHE Support; Amnesty International SA; Ampath Trust; Amrod Corporate (Pty) Ltd; Amstead Reeling; Animal Rescue Organisation; Anova Health Institute; Antjaq Labour Services (Pty) Ltd; AP Hanouch (Pty) Ltd; Apcan Risk Management; AQS Liquid Transfer (Pty) Ltd; Aqua Air Africa (Pty) Ltd; ARB Elecrtical Wholesalers (Pty) Ltd; ARC; Argon Asset Management; Armscor Dockyard Simons Town; Armscor SOC Ltd; ARS; Asambo 81 (Pty) Ltd; Ascent Technology (Pty) Ltd; Ashanti Design; Ashburton Investments; Ashburton Investments NTS; Askew and Associstes; Asla Operations; Aspen Pharmacare Holdings Ltd; Assupol Life Limited; Astellas Pharma (Pty) Ltd; Asteroids Entertainment (Pty) Ltd; Atlantic Abrasive & Hardware; Atlantic Conversions; Atlantis Foundries (Pty) Ltd; Atlas File Security; Atterbell Investment; Auto Bavaria; Auto Magic Holdings; Automated Outsourcing Services (Pty) Ltd; Autowash Greenstone; AutoZone Holdings (Pty) Ltd; Avbob Mutual Assurance; Averda South Africa (Pty) Ltd; Avery Dennison RBIS SA; Avi Products; AVI-National Brans Limited; Avon Logistics (Pty) Ltd; AVZ Labour Law Services; Axis House; Axis Mining and Construction cc; Azari Group; Azari Wind



Bidvest Catering Services; Bidvest Execuflora; Bidvest Facilities Management; Bidvest Materials Handling; Bidvest McCarthy; Bidvest TopTurf; Bidvest Waltons; B&I Polycontainers (Pty) Ltd; B3 Investment SA; Babcock Equipment Division; Bachique 705 (Pty) Ltd t/a The New House of Busby; Backberg Estate Cellars; Bargain Wholesalers (Pty) Ltd; Barnard Inc; Baroque Medical (Pty) Ltd; Bata South Africa; Bayport Financial Services; Bayside Foods (Pty) Ltd; BBD Management Services; BC Landscape Training and Consultancy; BDM Staffing; BDO; Beam Suntory South Africa; Bearings International; Bearnibbles SA; Becker Mining South Africa; Beekman Management Services; Belgium Campus iTversity NPC; Belmond Mount Nelson Hotel; Belta Services (Pty) Ltd; Benex Cape (Pty) Ltd; Benoni Board; Benteler South Africa; Benzo Parts for Africa; Bereau Veritas SA (Pty) Ltd; Bergman Ross & Partners Radiologists Inc; Bergmann Ross & Partners Inc; Berry Astrapak t/a Marcom Plastics (Pty) Ltd; BET.co.za; Beverley Chengiah; BFIH Procurement and Service; BHBW South Afica (Pty) Ltd; BHR Consulting; Bialestock; BIBC; Bibi Cash & Carry Supermarket; Biggestleaf (Pty) Ltd; Bioforce SA (Pty) Ltd; Blacksuites; Blue Chip Lubricants (Pty) Ltd; Bluekey Seidor; Blurock Quarries (Pty) Ltd; BM Foods; BME a division of Omnia Group; Boekenhoutskloof Winery; Boikgantsho Consulting & Events Institute; Bokgoni Logistics Services and Projects Co-operative; Bokkeveld Partnership; Bokwa Law Incorporated; Bombela Operating Company; Bongani Rainmaker Logistics (Pty) Ltd; Bonnievale Wynkelder; Bonpak (Pty) Ltd; Boomzicht Landgoed; Booyco Engineering; Bosbou Tegnologiese Dienste (Edms) Bpk; Bothongo Group Management; Botshilu Private Hospital; Bowler Plastics (Pty) Ltd; Box Boyz SA (Pty) Ltd; Bradeirens International Trading; BRANDZ; Bras Trucking (Pty) Ltd; Bravo Group Sleep Products; Breede River Hospice; Breedenet Wireles ISP; Brenner Brands (Pty) Ltd; Brenntag SA (Pty) Ltd; Brett Neville Gosling Trust; Bright Star Lighting (Pty) Ltd; Brinks SA; Britelink; Brits & Matthee Attorneys; Broadband Infraco; Brolink; Brutes Air Solutions (Pty) Ltd; Buckman Laboratories; Buckman Laboratories (Pty) Ltd; Buddingtrade 118/cc t/a Medsafe; Bureau Support Centre; Burgh Plant Hire (Pty) Ltd; Business Evolution



City of Ekurhuleni; City Power; C.B.I.S; Calandria Labour Consultants; Campus Crusade for Christ South Africa; CAP Security; Capco; Cape Algulhas Municipality; Cape Gate Fence & Wire Works; Cape Grace Hotel; Cape Radiology; Cape Town Contractors; Cape Town Tourism; Capi-Lux SA; CAPRISA; Car Towing Services International; Carnival City; Carrick Financial Services (Pty) Ltd; Cash Flow Capital; Cathymos; Catwalk Cosmetics; Cavaleros Construction Company (Pty) Ltd; CBI Electrical; Cellplex; Celrose; Centurion Hospice; Ceva Animal Health; CGI Creative Graphics Inc; CGI, Creative Graphics Int; CGM Compu Group Medical SA (Pty) Ltd; CHC Resources; Chere Consulting (Pty) Ltd; Chill Beverages; Chipkins Puratos; Chocolates by Tomes; Christiaan Moolman Physiotherapy Inc ; Christian Family Church; Cipal Telecommunications; City Property Administration (Pty) Ltd; Civa (Pty) Ltd; CJA Telecommunications; Clariant Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd; Classique Medical Aid Consult; Clientele Life Assurance; Clos Cabriere (Pty) Ltd; Clyral Creative Studio (Pty) Ltd; CM Labour Solutions; CMC Networks; CMSA; Coastal Hire; Codeo (Pty) Ltd; COIDLINK; COJ JMPD; Coleman Transport; Colgate Palmolive; Comair Ltd; Combined Transport Services; Computershare Investor Services; Concilium Technologies (Pty) Ltd; Confiance Accountants, Tax and Legal Consultants;  Consol Glass (Pty) Ltd; Consolidated Employers Organisation; Constantia Glen Winery; Constantia Insurance Company; Consumer Profile Bureau; Continuity SA (Pty) Ltd; Control Systems Integration; Coraldean; Coricraft Group (Pty) Ltd; Cornwall Hill College; Council of Debt Collectors; Cox Yeats; Craison; Cre8work; Crew Enhancement Solutions; Crew Enhancement Solutions; Crompton Hospital; Cross Border Road Transport Agency; Crossbow Marketing; Crown Chickens t/a Sovereign Foods; CS Labour; CSOS; CSSAF Radiowave Investments (Pty) Ltd; CSV Construction (Pty) Ltd; Cube Route Logistics (Pty) Ltd; Customer Loyalty Consultants



Department of Correctional Services; Department of Defence; Department of Health; Department of Human Resources University of Pretoria; Dachser South Africa (Pty) Ltd; Dariel Solutions (Pty) Ltd; Dartcom SA (Pty) Ltd; Data Dot Technology; Data World (Pty) Ltd; DC Weighing & Control;  De Management Services (Pty) Ltd; Debtin Consultants; Deloitte & Touche; Deloitte Consulting Overseas Projects LLC t/a Southern Africa Energy Program; Deltabec; Democratic Alliance; Dennes Engineering; Denny Mushrooms; DHR Consultancy (Pty) Ltd; Die Hoerskool Menlopark; DigiOutbound (Pty) Ltd; DigiOutsource Services; Digital Matter Embedded (South Africa); Digital Matter Embedded (South Africa); Digital Planet; Dimension Television Facilities; Dipula Income Fund Limited; Diversey South Africa (Pty) Ltd; Donald Brown Group; Donaldson Filtration Systems; Donford (Pty) Ltd; Douglasdale Dairy; DPSA; Drager South Africa; Dragonfly Africa Tours; DriveRisk; Drs Bloch & Partners Inc; Drs Schnetler, Corbett & Partners Inc; Drs WJC Pretorius & PADG Genis Inc; DSM Nutritional Product; Durban South Training Centre Trust; Dust-A-Side SA (Pty) Ltd; Duxbury Networking; DVT; Dyechem Industrial (Pty) Ltd; Dynamic Salvage Management; Dynamic Visual Technologies


Europcar SA a Div of Motus Group Ltd;  Euro Steel SA (Pty) Ltd ; E4Strategic (Pty) Ltd; Eagleburgmann Seals; East End Properties (Pty) Ltd;l East London IDZ Soc Ltd; East London Industrial Development Zone; EC Department of Health Buffalo City Metro; Edgetecc Systems; Edony Developers; Edufun4kids; Edward Snell & Co (Pty) Ltd; EIE Group; Elandspoort High School; Element Consulting Engineers; ElringKlinger South Africa (Pty) Ltd; Embassy of the United States of America; Embury Institute for Higher Education; Emdubane Office Solutions Midlands (Pty) Ltd; Emerald Risk Transfer; Emivista (Pty) Ltd; Employers Organisation Mzanzi; Empyreal Construction (Pty) Ltd; Enable Mailroom & Media Services; Engineco; Entsika Consulting Services; Envitech Solutions (Pty) Ltd; EOHCB; Epic Workforce; EPS Courier Services; Eqstra Fleet Management; Equal Education; Equipment Parts & Engines; Equity Medical Technologies (Pty) Ltd; Erakis Investments (Pty) Ltd; ERS Biometrics (Pty) Ltd; Estate Agency Affairs Board; Etlin-International (Pty) Ltd;EW Stevens; Excel Grow Group Holdings; Exclusive Hire; Exigent Group Limited; Express Employment Professionals; Exrad (Pty) Ltd; EYA Bantu Proffesinal Services; Ezigro Seedlings



Fair Cape Dairies; Fairfield Dairy; Falcon Shopfitters; False Bay College; Famous Brands; Fastjet Africa (Pty) Ltd; FCE Solutions; Feddy Hirsch Group (Pty) Ltd; Federal Airlines (Pty) Ltd; Fedgroup Participation Bond Managers; FER Consulting; Ferro South Africa (Pty) Ltd; FFS Refiners (Pty) Ltd; FH Chamberlain Trading (Pty) Ltd; FHBC (Wellington) (Pty) Ltd; Fidelity CashMaster (Pty) Ltd; Fieldfresh; Filmatic Packaging Systems (Pty) Ltd; Finleys Outsourced Business Services (Pty) Ltd; Finserve Group; Fireblade Aviation; First Car Rental; First Freight Couriers (Pty) Ltd; Flexco SA (Pty) Ltd; FlowCentric Mining Technologies; Fluidra Waterlinx; FMS Group; FNDS3000 (Pty) Ltd; Foodserv Solutions (Pty) Ltd; Footgear (Pty) Ltd; Foschini Retail Group (Pty) Ltd; Fraser Alexander (Pty) Ltd; Free State Department of Sport Arts Culture and Recreation; Freedom Stationery; Fruiton (Pty) Ltd; Fruitways Farming (Pty) Ltd; Fruitways Marketing (Pty) Ltd; Fuchs Electronics; Fuller Civils (Pty) Ltd; Future Communications; Futurent; Fyfer Incorporated



Gauteng Tourism Authority; Gert Sibande District Municipality; GP Strategies/ VWSA Training Academy; G Phadziri and Sons (Pty) Ltd; G7 Renewable Energies (Pty) Ltd; Gaap Ppoint of Sale; Galderama (Pty) Ltd; Galison Manufacturing (Pty) Ltd; Garden Cities NPC RF; Garrun Pretoria (Pty) Ltd; Gauteng Dept of Education Tshwane West District; Gauteng Provincial Legislature; GEECOM (Pty) Ltd; Gelmar; Gemini Marine (Pty) Ltd; Genesis Analytics; Geo Pollution Technologies; GIC Re South Africa; Giesecke and Devrient Mobile Security Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd; GLC Earthmoving; Global Independant Admin; Globe Flight Worldwide; Globeleq South Africa Management Services (Pty) Ltd; Glowing Mountain Trading; Godrej Consumer Products SA; Godrej-Subinite (Pty) Ltd; Golen Sprinkle Investment; Gondwana Game Reserve; Gothic Construction (Pty) Ltd; Gphadziri and Sons (Pty) Ltd; Graham Beck Enterprises (Pty) Ltd; Greenpeace Africa; Groenkloof Chambers; GS Schoonbee (Pty) Ltd; Guala Closres SA; Guvon Hotels (Pty) Ltd



High Commission of Canada; Habib Overseas Bank Ltd; Hans Merensky Holdings; Harmony Gold Mining Company Ltd; Hartmann Emergency Care; Haygrove Amajuba (Pty) Ltd; Haygrove Heaven; Hazendal Wine Estate; HC Heat Exchangers; Health Systems Trust; Helderberg Society for the Aged; Henra Plant Hire (Pty) Ltd; Henriette Bone; Heqlen Mica Home Warehouse; Herbalife International SA; Hertz Rent a Car; Hesto Harnesses; HH Consulting; Highway Hospice; Higveld Mushrooms; Hillary Construction; Hilti South Africa (Pty) Ltd;      Hire All (Pty) Ltd; Hitachi Construction Machinery Southern Africa; HL Starke Farming; Hoerskool Elandspoort; Home of Living Brands (Pty) Ltd; Honeywell Automation and Control Solutions (Pty) Ltd; Hotel Verde (Pty) Ltd; House of Monatic; Howard-Landquip (Pty) Ltd; HoyoHoyo Mining; HR & Skills Market; Hubble Studios (Pty) Ltd; Human Capital Link (Pty) Ltd; Humulani Marketing (Pty) Ltd t/a CSE Equipment; Hychem (Pty) Ltd; Hydrastatic Sales and Service (Pty) Ltd; Hydroscand (Pty) Ltd; Hypercheck (Pty) Ltd; Hypower; Hytorc Industrial Tools


Iziko Museums of South Africa; I to I Financial Services (Pty) Ltd; Ian Dickie; Ian Dickie & Co; Icon Radiotherapy; ICTGlobe Management; Identiplan; Idwala Industrial Holdings; IEB; Ilios Travel (Pty) Ltd; Impact Distributors; Impact Retail Display (Pty) Ltd; Imperial Dedicated Contract; Imperial Logistics Insurance Brokers; Imperisecure (Pty) Ltd; Imvula Quality Protection; In on Africa; In2Food; Inclusive Labour; Incubetta SA; Indian Ocean Terminals; Industroclean (Pty) Ltd; Infinity Brands; Inlexso; Insimby Alloy Supplies; Inspired School (Pty) Ltd; Integrated Processing; Interconnect Systems; Interland Cape; International Equity Consulting; Introlab Chemicals (Pty) Ltd; Invanhoe Mines SA; iProp (Pty) Ltd; IPS Health & Wellness (Pty) Ltd; IPT Holdings; Isinyithi Cathodic Protection; Ismart (Pty) Ltd; Isowall SA; IT Dynamics; IT Master; Ithala SOC Limited; Ithuba Holdings RF (Pty) Ltd; IUA Business Solutions; Izinso Dialysis Services



JSE Limited; Janessy Enterprise Trading ; JD Group; Jembi Health Systems NPC; Jet Demolition (Pty) Ltd; JG Electronics; Jhpiego Corporation; JKJ Pumps Contractors; JLR International Trading (Pty) Ltd; Jo'Burg Bolt (Pty) Ltd; Joe Gqabi District Municipality; Joekels Tea Packers (Pty) Ltd; Jonibach (Pty) Ltd; JP Van Biljon (Pty) Ltd; JPS Africa NPC; JTC Fund Solutions; JumpCo Consulting; Junior Akademie



KwaZulu-Natal Master Builders and Allied Industries Association; KZN Cricket Union; KZN Dept of Education; KZN Master Builders; K2 Medical (Pty) Ltd; Kaefer Thermal Contracting; Kaefer Thermal Contracting Service (Pty) Ltd; Kargo National (Pty) Ltd; Karo Manufacturing; Kate Rowland Occupational Therapist; Kaytech; Kedase; Kedase Business Enterprise; Kekana Hlatshwayo Radebe INC; Kelvin Power (Pty) Ltd; Kelvin Power (Pty) Ltd; KH Diesel Electrical; Khalilzad Investments (Pty) Ltd; Khavho Consulting; Khonology; Khulasonke Rebuild (Pty) Ltd; Khumani Mine; Khumbula Procurement and Services (Pty) Ltd; Kimberly Clark of SA (Pty) Ltd; Kintetsu World Express; KK Engineering (Pty) Ltd; Klein Karoo Saad Bemarking (Edms) Bpk; Kleinhans Construction (Pty) Ltd; Knysna Municipality; Kobo Safaris; KOBWA; Komati Basin Water Authority; Konica Minolta SA; Kopano Brickworks Ltd; Krones Southern Africa; KuluCrete South Coast (Pty) Ltd; Kunene Ramapala Incorporated; Kungwini Welfare Organisation; Kuruman Cleaning Services; Kusasa Speciallised Services; KwaDukuza Private Hospital


Legal Practitioners Fidelity Fund; LegalWise; Labworld a Dvi of Philafrica Foods; Laerskool Swartkop; Langenhoven High School; Latex Threads of SA (Pty) Ltd; Latham Engineering Africa (Pty) Ltd; LC Waikiki; LC Waikiki Retail ZA; Lebalo Water User Ass; Lebea Incorporated Attorneys; Lebombo Cape Properties (Pty) Ltd; Lecin Spraypainting Services; Lee-Chem Lab (Pty) Ltd; Leeu Collection South Africa (Pty) Ltd; Legal Expenses Insurance Southern Africa Limited; Legator, McKenna Inc.; LGR Incorporated; Library Business Corners; Lidwala Consulting Engineers; Life & Brand Portfolio; Lifestyle Financial Services; Lindt; Lindt and Sprungli; Link Market Services South Africa (Pty) Ltd; Link Seed (Pty) Ltd; LIVClean (Pty) Ltd; Loardira Labour Hire; Locktrans Trading Company; Loftus Medical; Lonspeare SA (Pty) Ltd; L'Ormarins (Pty) Ltd; Lougot Properties; Lttsamaiso (Pty) Ltd; Lubian Properties; Luxury Hotels International; Luzile Edna Msimango; LVG Plants (Pty) Ltd; Lynca Meats; Lyttleton Dolomite (Pty) Ltd



Mpact Operations (Pty) Ltd;  MUR Shipping RSA (Pty) Ltd; M&I Labour Consultants t/a Northern Personnel; M&L Laboratory Services (Pty) Ltd; M&S Installations; M. Schutte & J van Jaarsveld Accountants; M+R Fresh Food & Veg Marketing; Macadams International; Macmillan Education; MacRobert Inc; Macsteel Service Centres SA (Pty) Ltd; Magalies Water; Mageye Occupational Therapy; Makaranga; Makause Combined School; Mancosa; Manelisis Tyatyantsi; Manhour; Manitou Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd; Mankwe Game Trackers; Manorite (Pty) Ltd; MAP Africa Consulting Engineers; Marble Restaurant; Maria Phefadu Attorneys; Marine Dynamics Tours; Marltons Pet's and Products; Maropeng; Mary Oppenheimer Daughters; Maseko Murphy Njilo & Razano INC; Mashaile Chambers Leribe; Master Chip and Veg; Master Fire Industries; Material Handling Automation; Mathoo Mbeyane Engineers (Pty) Ltd; Matkovich Golf Course Maintanance; Matrix Consulting Services; Matus, a Division of Brandcorp (Pty) Ltd; Mavrick Trading; Maxflex Cables; Maxim Trading Enterprise (Pty) Ltd; Maximum Profit Recovery (Pty) Ltd; Maxwell Technology (Pty) Ltd; Mayine Business Solutions; Mazambane Trading 114 (Pty) Ltd; McCoy's Glass Wholesalers (Pty) Ltd; Mecs; Medecins SANS Frontiers; Media Film Service; Medical Specialist Holdings (Pty) Ltd; MediCharge; Medocc Health Care; Melco Elevator (SA) (Pty) Ltd; Melia Gardens; Melomed Hospital Holdings; Memory Lane (two) t/a Oakland Dairy; Meridian Agritech; Meridian People Solutions (Pty) Ltd; Merlog Foods; Merseta; Metchem Laboratories; Methodist Homes for the Aged; Metier Mixed Concrete; Metix (Pty) Ltd; Mezzanine Ware; MHCI; Michael Page International SA (Pty) Ltd; MidCity Property Services; Milnerton Primary School; Minerals 2 Metals; Minor Hotels SA; Minova; MIS Engineering; Miton Optimal South Africa (Pty) Ltd; Mitre Core Technologies SA (Pty) Ltd; MJ Labs; Mjantshi Engineering Consultance (Pty) Ltd; MLC Security Solutions; MN Nethavhani (Pty) Ltd; MND Technologies; Mnoluzi Trading; Modikwa Platinum Mine; Mohlane General and Associates; Moipone Fleet; Molaetsa WA Botshelo Trading and Projects cc; Momentum Logistics; Monde Consulting Engineers; Monitor Administators; Monitor Administrators (Pty) Ltd; Monitoring & Control Laboratories (Pty) Ltd; Monteagle Logistics; Moonspin (Pty) Ltd; Moonstone Information Refinery (Pty) Ltd; Morar Incorporated; Moreki Distributors; MORIA Wilson Physiotherapist; Mosstrich; Motheo TVET College; Mothers2Mothers; Motorhome-World; Motorvia (1993) (Pty) Ltd; Motsa Mavuso Attorneys; Motus Aftermarket Part; Moumake, Lukhele and Bodibe Inc Attorneys; Mouton Citrus (Pty) Ltd; Mphela Mngodi & Associates Inc; MRTT,9003 Hospitality and Tourism Academy; MSSL Global RSA Engineering; MSW;l Mtyuda Investments Trading CC; Much Ashalt; Much Asphalt; Muffin Mate SA (Pty) Ltd; Mukuru Africa; Multi Equipment; Multi Rooms Management (Pty) Ltd; Multi Rooms Management (Pty) Ltd; Multi-Waste Jet Park (Pty) Ltd; Mur Shipping RSA (Pty) Ltd; My China Discount; Myashree Naidoo Occupational Therapist



NUMSA; Nashua; Natal Joint Municipality Pension Funf; Nakisani Hygiene Services; Naptosa Western Cape; ; Nathoo Mebenyane Engineers (Pty) Ltd; National Brands Ltd; National Council of SPCA's; National Textile Bargaining Council; National Youth Development Agency – NYDA; National Zoological Garden; NCT Forestry Co-op Ltd; Necessitas Labour Solutions; Nedbank Private Wealth; Nelio Trading 1; Nelson Mandela's Children Hospital; NeoLife International; Nepad Business Foundation; Nestlife Assurance; Net1Applied Technologies SA; Network Alliance (Pty) Ltd; New Age Engineering (Pty) Ltd; New Frontiers Tours; Nexia Cape Town; Nexor 312 (Pty) Ltd; Ngatia Trading; NGK Ceramics South Africa (Pty) Ltd; Nhleko Scaffolding & Formwork; NHLS; Niel Terblanche Boerdery; Nieuwoudtville Rooibos (Pty) Ltd; NJ Promotions; NJR Steel Services; Nology; Nongoma Local Municipality; Nordapart (Pty) Ltd; North West Gambling Board; North West Legislature; Northern Conference of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church; Novum Initium HR; Ntional Bio Products Institute; NTP Radiostopes SOC LTD; Nurses on Call; Nwanda Incorporated; Nwanda Incorporated



OneLogix (Pty) Ltd;  Occu-Care; Ocean Basket Wholesale; Ocean Network Express; Oilgro (Pty) Ltd; OKE SA (Pty) Ltd; Oklahotel (Pty) Ltd; Olyvenboschkraal (Pty) Ltd; Omnia Group (Pty) Ltd; Omnipless Manufacturing; Omphe Tshiame Investments; Onderstepoort Biological Products; Onezero Consulting (Pty) Ltd; Ons Help Investment; Operation Mobilization; ORT SA Ops Trust; Osborn Engineering Products; Otraco Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd; Otto Brother Distributors; Outdoor Investment Holdings (Pty) Ltd; Ozow (Pty) Ltd



Phumelela Local Municipality; Pick n Pay; Pack & Stack (Pty) Ltd; Pamodzi Unique Engineering; Parker Family Foods; Parliament of RSA; Partquip Group a div of Hudaco; Pasdec Automotive Technologies; Pasuri Investments; Patcon Building & Civil Engineering Contractors; Patensie Sitrus; Path Care; Patio Warehouse (Pty) Ltd; PD Otto Elektries Trust; Pearly Rock Invest (Pty) Ltd; Pearson South Africa (Pty) Ltd; PEC Utility Management (Pty) Ltd; People Solutions; Pep a Div of Pepkor Trading; Pep Clothing; PerkinElmer SA (Pty) Ltd; Persona Staff; Petra Diamonds SA (Pty) Ltd; Petros Business Solutions; PG Gibson a Division of KAP; PH Marketing (Pty) Ltd; Pharmachem Laboratories; PHB Engineers; Phoenix Risk Solutions (Pty) Ltd; Phola Coaches; Phumelela Gaming and Leisure; Pinelands Development Company NPC; Pinelands Development Company NPC; Pinewood Retirement Village; Pipeflo (Pty) Ltd; PJB Electrical Projects; PJS Logistics & Transportation; Plattner Golf t/a Fancourt; Plaza Board Centre; PLP Group; PLP SA; Polmed; Powafix (Pty) Ltd; Power Construction (Pty) Ltd; Powertrans Sales and Service; Precision Shelving and Packing (Pty) Ltd; Premier FMCG; Prescient Profile (Pty) Ltd; Pretoria Boys High School; Pretoria High School for Girls; Pretoria Noord Toyota; Prima Pasta & Biscuits; Printing SA; Private Property SA; Prive Logistics; Pro Admin (Pty) Ltd; Pro Roof Steel Merchants; Proactive HR Solutions (Pty) Ltd; Procompare (Pty) Ltd; Professional Aviation; Progressive Impressions (Pty) Ltd; Prokon Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd; Protea Metering (Pty) Ltd; PSG Management Services; PT Minerals (Pty) Ltd; Public Servants Association of SA



Q1SAS; QSB Business Manager; Quarto Press; Quo Vadis cc; Quonetec (Pty) Ltd; Qutom Farms



Royal Bafokeng Admin; Royal Norwegian Embassy; Rahim Khan & Company; Rain (Pty) Ltd; Randitron (Pty) Ltd; RAPDL; Rapula Farming (Pty) Ltd; Rebul Packaging; Rectron; Red Alert TSS (Pty) Ltd; Registration 24; Reinforcing Steel Contractors (Pty) Ltd; Rentworks Africa (Pty) Ltd; Retro Rabbit Enterprise Services; Reutech Solutions; Rex Diff & Gearbox; RH Vryburg Private Hospital; RHI Refractories Africa (Pty) Ltd; Rhys Evans Group (Pty) Ltd; Richards Bay Minerals; Richie Crane Hire (Pty) Ltd; Rider Levett Buchnail ZA (Pty) Ltd; Riebens Computers (Pty) Ltd; Right to Care; Rio Ridge 1027 (Pty) Ltd; Riot Security Services (Pty) Ltd; Risk & Co Africa; RITC (Pty) Ltd; Ritchie Crane Hire (Pty) Ltd; Rivers Church; RNA Distribution; Road Accident Fund; Roadlab; Robin Trust; Rock Breaking Demolitions; Rockwell Automation; Roman's Pizza Pretoria; Ronsen Labour; Rooibos Limited; Rosle Boerdery; RSC Ekusasa Mining; RSM SA Consulting (Pty) Ltd; Rubber Resources SA (Pty) Ltd; Rubicon Meat Processing Services; Rutotech International Ltd; Rx3 Cleaning Services; Rynpark Association for the Aged; S&F Management Services



South African Reserve Bank; South African Banknote Company (RF) (Pty) Ltd; South African Medical Research Council; South African Pharmacy Council; South African Property Owners Association;  Airlink; SA Library for the Blind; SA Tube & Honing; SAA Technicals; SAAMBR; SABS; Sadmon Projects & Consulting; Saficon Industrial Equipment; Saficon Industrial Equipment; Sakhikhaya Suppliers; Sally Martin Park; Samchem Drilling Fluids and Chemical (Pty) Ltd; Sampada Lodges (Pty) Ltd; SAMRO; SAMSA; SANAC Trust; Sandvik Mining RSA (Pty) Ltd; SanLameer Homeowners Association; Sanne Fund Services (Pty) Ltd; SAPS; SAQA; Sarto Mass Services; Sasolburg Industrial Supplies; SATank Terminals; SBV Learning Academy; SCA Logistics (Pty) Ltd; Schoonbee Landgoed; SCM Group (Pty) Ltd; Scorpion Legal Protection; Scribante Labour Consultants; SDK Proffesional Services (Pty) Ltd; Secure ET Solutions; Securitas Specialised Services; SEESA; Select PPE (Pty) Ltd; Semfeng Attorneys; Senwes Ltd; Senyema Gwangwa Inc; Sereth Logistics (Pty) Ltd; SERR Synergy; Servochem (Pty) Ltd; SG African Transport; SG Lourens Nursing College; SGB Smit Power Matla (Pty) Ltd; SGRP Meridian; SGT Solutions (Pty) Ltd; Shaban Clark Coetzee Attorneys; Sharp Move Trading 260 (Pty) Ltd t/a Kayreed Board & Timber; Shaves Paints + Décor; Shepstone & Wylie Attorneys; Shingai Group; Shoe Warehouse; Shongweni Market; Shuter+Shooter Publishers (Pty) Ltd; Siliconsmelters; Silulumanzi; Sinethemba Senior Secondary; Siyandiza Consulting Engineers (Pty) Ltd; Siyanqoba Ngamandla Sizanani Labour Specialists; SKF; Skill Tech Solutions; Skyblu Technologies ; Skye Distribution (Pty) Ltd; Skystaff (Pty) Ltd; Smanga and Siphiwe Trading; SMC Corporation; Smiths Manufacturing; Sociedad Quimica y Minera Africa (Pty) Ltd; Soil & Groundwater; Soil and Groundwater Remediation Services; Solar Mining Services; Solenta Aviation (Pty) Ltd; Somerset House Preparatory School Sonja Mooby Sonja Smith Funeral Group; Sonlia Vrugte Pakhuis; Sorbet Holdings; South Bakels (Pty) Ltd; Southern African Shipyard (Pty) Ltd; Southern Proteins (Pty) Ltd; Sozicube; SP Metal Forgings Boksburg (Pty) Ltd; Spar; Sparta Foods; Specialised Security Services; Speedspace Rentals; SpesNet Group; Spier Arts Trust; Spinnaker Software; Spintelligent; Springbok Trucking Company; Spur Group (Pty) Ltd; SRF Felixipak SA; S-RM; SS Diseko; St George Hotel; St Josephs Home; St Peter's School; Staffing Logistics (Pty) Ltd; Stalcor (Pty) Ltd; Standerton Oil Mills (Pty) Ltd; Star Pops (Pty) Ltd; Starcrow 36 (Pty) Ltd; Starlite Group (Pty) Ltd; STATS SA (Pty) Ltd; Staycold International; Stellenbosch University; Stingray; Stonefound Engineering Solutions; Stonehurst Mountain Estate; Storeplay; Strategic Partners Group (Pty) Ltd; Stylco (Pty) Ltd; Suiderland Plase (Pty) Ltd; Sukoluhle Bonga; Sulzer Pumps (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd; Sunshine Bakery; Supply Park Development SOC; Surego Investments 13; Surego Investments 13 (Pty) Ltd t/a Bafana Security Services; SUS.SA; Susan Greeff Attorneys; Sutherland Consulting Engineers; Swaziland Building Society; Swift Human Resources; Symrise (Pty) Ltd; Synchronized Logistical Solutions (Pty) Ltd; Synergy Worldwide Logistics; Synexa Life Sciences (Pty) Ltd; Syngenta; Syntell (Pty) Ltd; Syspro



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Is commission included in the calculation of minimum wage?


In terms of the National Minimum Wage Act 9 of 2018, an employer may not pay any employee less than the prescribed minimum wage for time worked. The aforementioned is unambiguous, but can an employer pay an employee a basic salary which is less than the minimum wage, or even no guaranteed basic salary, provided that the commission earned by the employee exceeds the minimum wage as prescribed by the Act? This is what had to be determined in Atlas Finance (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & 2 others, 2022 JR57/21.



By Jan du Toit


During 2020, I assisted one of our longstanding clients with arbitration under Section 73A of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act 75 of 1997 (the BCEA). The dispute related to an alleged underpayment in terms of the National Minimum Wage Act 9 of 2018 (the NMWA). In terms of the NMWA, an employer may not pay any employee less than the prescribed minimum wage for time worked.


The nature of the employer’s business was that of microlending, with sales representatives employed and responsible for securing new business. During 2018, the employer by agreement amended the commission structure of most of its sales representatives employed throughout South Africa, except for those employed in Rustenburg. The employees in Rustenburg refused to accept amended employment conditions and threatened the employer with industrial action.


The changes to the remuneration structure of the sale representatives, which included the earning of commission, were deemed necessary to ensure compliance in anticipation of the announcement of an effective date for the commencement of the National Minimum Wage Act 9 of 2018.


Facing possible industrial action, the employer abandoned its attempt to amend the remuneration structure of the Rustenburg sales representatives. The employees withdrew their dispute lodged with the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (the CCMA) at the time and continued to accept, as demanded, remuneration in terms of the originally agreed remuneration structure.


In terms of the originally agreed remuneration structure, which was applicable to the employees by choice, their basic remuneration was below the prescribed minimum wage for the 40.5 hours that they were required to work weekly. However, in addition to their basic remuneration, the employees also earned commission for work performed during their working hours. The commission was calculated as a percentage of the value of successful new business secured per month. The basic remuneration of the employees combined with the commission they earned by far exceeded the requirements of the NMWA. To ensure full compliance with the NMWA, the employer also committed to top up employees’ remuneration to be at least equal to the minimum wage if an employee failed to generate sufficient commission.


During the period of January 2019 to October 2020, after the NMWA became effective, the employees were paid remuneration consisting of their basic agreed salaries as well as commission. Their basic salaries combined with their commission exceeded the minimum wage prescribed by the NMWA for 40.5 hours of work per week. Despite the aforementioned, a dispute was lodged with the CCMA in terms of Section 73A of the BCEA. The employees were advised and assisted by Mr Isaac Mokgatle from Workers Against Regression, a registered trade union. Mr Mokgatle was of the view that the employees’ basic salaries had to be increased to be equal to the minimum wage for 40.5 hours of work per week. This was despite the fact that their basic salaries and commission combined by far exceeded the minimum wage for the time worked.


Currently, there is no uniform stipulation of which earning components should be included in the calculation of national minimum wages. The BCEA defines remuneration as “any payment in money or in kind, or both in money and in kind, made or owing to any person in return for that person working for any other person, including the State”. “Wages” is a component of remuneration paid to an employee “in respect of ordinary hours of work, or if they are shorter, the hours an employee ordinarily works in a day or week”.


The specification of “ordinary hours” is important because it excludes, for example, productivity or overtime pay. In South Africa, wages are calculated based on the ordinary hours of work, which ensures that workers receive premium payments for work done outside of ordinary hours.


Internationally, regarding productivity and performance pay, there is no standard definition of the components of a National Minimum Wage (NMW), however, if one has regards to international standards, productivity and performance pay are considered supplemental forms of remuneration. They specifically include commission work, piecework and tipped work. Commission work refers to any system under which an employee receives supplemental pay based on the value or volume of sales.


At arbitration, Mr Mokgatle submitted that commission earned by an employee cannot be considered for the purpose of determining whether such individual is paid less, equal to or more than the prescribed NMW. It was further submitted that the employees were paid a basic salary less than the NMW, and that despite them earning a basic salary combined with commission for work done during normal working hours, such commission must, in terms of the definition of “wage” and as per Sections 4(4) to 4(7) of the NMWA, be excluded for the purposes of the dispute before the Commission.


I submitted on behalf of the employer that commission earned for work done during an employee’s normal working hours cannot be excluded for the purposes of determining whether an employee is paid less than, equal to or more than the NMW. The employees earned in excess of the prescribed NMW and Section 5(1) of the NMWA does not list commission as an exclusion for the purposes of calculating an employee’s wage. Furthermore, Section 5(3) of the NMWA also provides for the payment of an employee on a basis other than the number of hours worked, provided that such employee is not paid less than the NMW.


By virtue of his submissions at arbitration, Mr Mokgatle effectively introduced a mutual interest dispute pertaining to an increase in remuneration under the guise of a dispute related to the NMWA.


Commissioner Rakale from the CCMA in Rustenburg held that the employer was in contravention of the NMWA. He, furthermore, ordered that an amount in excess of one million rand be paid to the employees as backpay in addition to a fine as provided for in the BCEA.


We approached the Labour Court on review and submitted that Commissioner Rakale:


  1. committed a material error of law by excluding commission earned by the third respondents (the employees) in determining whether the applicant (the employer) complied with the NMWA.


  1. misdirected himself to such an extent that the outcome of the arbitration amounts to a gross irregularity, in that his conclusion was not objectively correct, and that a reasonable arbitrator would not have reached the same conclusion considering the evidence available at the hearing of the matter.


  1. misdirected himself by relying solely on the definition of “wage” as found in the NMWA, and by failing to properly consider the provisions of Sections 5(1) and 5(3) of the NMWA.


  1. misdirected himself by finding that the employer did not pay the employees according to the hours they worked, which is in stark contradiction to Section 5(3) of the NMWA.


  1. misdirected himself by failing to consider that employees whose basic salaries and commission payments were not sufficient to ensure compliance with the NMWA, were, as provided for in Section 5(3) of the Act, topped up to ensure compliance.


  1. misdirected himself by including in the calculation of the amounts underpaid the months of April, May and June 2020, during which the third respondents did not work due the lockdown imposed at the time.


  1. misdirected himself by applying an unknown calculation method in determining the value of alleged underpayments, resulting in amounts awarded that are inconsistent with the evidence placed before him by both the third respondents as well as the applicant.


  1. exceeded his powers by ordering the applicant to increase the agreed basic salaries of the third respondents.


Acting Judge Deane agreed and held that commission is not a discretionary payment, which is not related to an employee’s hours of work, but forms a part of the employee’s wages and that the intention was not to exclude commission from the NMW. However, commission workers must still be paid at least the NMW. Workers do not have to be paid the minimum wage for each hour worked, but they must be paid the minimum wage, on average, for the time worked in a pay reference period.


It was, furthermore, held that the Commissioner misdirected himself by failing to take into account the evidence placed before him showing that the employees were paid in excess of the NMW. He further misdirected himself by failing to consider that the employer acknowledged that employees whose basic salaries and commission payments were not sufficient to ensure compliance with the NMWA, were, as required per Section 5(3) of the NMWA, topped up to ensure compliance.


The Commissioner’s decision to exclude commission earned by the employees in determining whether the applicant indeed complied with the NMWA was not a reasonable decision and constituted a material error of law. The Commissioner misdirected himself to such an extent that the outcome of the arbitration award amounted to a gross irregularity. It was ordered that the employer was not in breach of the NMWA by virtue of including commission earned in calculating the minimum wages of employees.


Jan du Toit is a director at Labour Guide and can be contacted at [email protected].


This article does not constitute legal advice. For an informed opinion and/or assistance with a labour-related matter, you are encouraged to arrange a formal consultation with the author.








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