Conditions of Employment
  • Workplace Discipline
  • Contracts of Employment
  • Breaking News

    

     

    Illness of a new-born baby entitles a mom to time off so she can care for the child

    By Ivan Israelstam

     

    Pregnant employees are strongly protected under existing South African labour law. There are no fewer than six pieces of legislation that require employers to treat pregnant and post-pregnant employees with the greatest of care. One of these pieces of legislation is the Code of Good Practice on the Protection of Employees During Pregnancy And After the Birth of a Child.

    The code, issued in terms of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act (BCEA), is aimed at protecting pregnant and post-pregnant employees. The code obliges employers to:

    • Encourage women employees to inform the employer of their pregnancy as early as possible so as to ensure that the employer can assess risks and deal with them
    • Evaluate the situation of each employee who has informed the employer that she is pregnant.
    • Assess risks to the health and safety of pregnant or breast-feeding employees within the workplace
    • Implement appropriate measures to protect pregnant or breast-feeding employees
    • Supply pregnant or breast-feeding employees with information and training regarding risks to their health and safety and measures for eliminating and minimising such risks
    • Maintain a list of jobs not involving risk to which pregnant or breast-feeding employees could be transferred.

     

    Employers should note that even where an employee who has already given birth is 100% well, the illness of the newborn baby entitles the employee to get time off to look after the child.  In the case of De Beer v SA Export Connection cc t/a Global Paws (2008, 1 BLLR 36), the employee gave birth to twins and took one month's maternity leave by agreement.

    As the babies were both ill by the time the one-month maternity leave period was up, the mother applied for another month off. The employer granted her only two more weeks' leave and, when she did not return to work thereafter, she was dismissed.

    The employee referred the matter to the Labour Court claiming that the dismissal was automatically unfair because she had been fired for reasons related to her pregnancy. That is, Section 187 of the Labour Relations Act (LRA) classifies a dismissal as automatically unfair if the reason for the dismissal was related to the pregnancy of the dismissed employee.

    The employer argued that the illness of the children did not relate to the pregnancy. It argued that the phrase in the LRA "reasons relating to pregnancy" refers to the mother herself and not to the new- born children.

    The Labour Court decided that:

    • the phrase in the LRA "reasons relating to pregnancy" refers not only to the mother herself but also to the new-born children and to the mother's right to nurture them,
    • the agreement entered into by the parties limiting the maternity leave to one month was null and void,
    • the employee was legally entitled to take the remainder of her maternity leave to look after her babies,
    • the dismissal was automatically unfair,
    • the employer was to pay the employee 20 months' remuneration in compensation plus the legal costs of the employee.

     

    The BCEA gives employees only three days per year paid leave to attend to family responsibility problems such as sick children. In the De Beer case the employee was not given permission to be off from work after her extra six weeks' leave were up.

    It is possible that the employer believed that it had been generous enough in giving the employee substantially more leave than the three days allowed under the family responsibility leave section of the BCEA.

    However, the court found that the employee did not need specific permission to be off work because looking after newborn babies falls under maternity leave (not under family responsibility leave or any other type of leave).

    Working mothers are automatically entitled to four months' maternity leave. This applies even if the employee has contractually agreed to take less than the four months she is entitled to. The reason for this is that any agreement that is contrary to the law is an invalid agreement.

    Due to the substantial legal protections of pregnant employees, employers cannot afford to treat them as they believe is fair. Instead, employers need to utilise the services of labour law experts to devise and implement detailed strategies for ensuring the welfare of working mothers and for minimising the effect of motherhood on workplace productivity without breaking the law.

    • Ivan Israelstam is chief executive of Labour Law Management Consulting. He can be contacted on 011-888-7944 or via e-mail at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
    • Our appreciation to Ivan and The Star newspaper for permission to publish this article
     

    Newsletter Signup

    Join more than 66 000 subscribers by simply entering your email address in the text area. Subscription to the newsletter is free of charge, you will be able to unsubscribe anytime without any obligation.

    Courses and Workshops

    Employment Equity Committee Training

    27 October 2014

    Southern Sun: Century City(Canal Walk): Cape Town

    28 October 2014 (Fully Booked)

    Southern Sun: Century City(Canal Walk): Cape Town

    13 November 2014 (Fully Booked) 

    Southern Sun: OR Tambo International Airport

    14 November 2014 

    Southern Sun: OR Tambo International Airport

    Health and Safety Representative Course

    28 October 2014

    Southern Sun: OR Tambo International Airport

    The OHS Act and the Responsibilities of Management

    29 October 2014

    Southern Sun: OR Tambo International Airport

    Occupational injuries and diseases in the workplace

    05 November 2014

    Southern Sun: Century City (Canal Walk): Cape Town

    14 November 2014

    Southern Sun: Elangeni & Maharani, Elangeni Towers: Durban

    25 November 2014

    Southern Sun: OR Tambo International Airport

    Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment Course

    12 November 2014

    Southern Sun: OR Tambo International Airport

    27 November 2014

    Southern Sun: Century City(Canal Walk): Cape Town

    Workshop Incident/Accident Investigation Course

    18 November 2014

    Southern Sun: OR Tambo International Airport

    Workshop Chairing Disciplinary Hearings

    19 & 20 November 2014

    Southern Sun: OR Tambo International Airport